By Gawdat Bahgat (auth.)
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This concentration has underscored the vulnerability of states with no national enrichment facilities and fuelled their suspicion that external supplies of enriched uranium may become associated with political pressure. The Iran-EURODIF affair is a case in point. In the 1970s the Shah of Iran loaned more than $ 1 billion to support the construction of the EURODIF diffusion enrichment plant in France. This gave Iran a 10 per cent share in the consortium and entitled the country to 10 per cent of the uranium enriched by EURODIF.
10 Morocco imports a large proportion of its natural gas needs from neighbouring Algeria via the Meghreb-Europe Gas pipeline (MEG), also called 26 Alternative Energy in the Middle East Pedro Duran Farell. Originally, the pipeline was proposed in the early 1960s, but the dispute over the Western Sahara prevented the parties from reaching an agreement. Three decades later, the pipeline was built and came online in 1996. It connects Algeria’s gas field Hassi R’Mel with Cordoba in Spain via Morocco.
It already has a relatively significant solar and wind energy installed capacity and, 34 Alternative Energy in the Middle East given its proximity to Spain, it has the only relevant and functioning electricity interconnection with the EU in the whole region. In 2003 the Trans-Mediterranean Renewable Energy Cooperation was formed. 40 The establishment of the Union for the Mediterranean (UfM) gave a fresh opportunity for cooperation on energy issues and climate change, particularly in the field of solar power.