Health Care Delivery

Download AIDS, the second decade by Heather G. Miller, etc., C.F. Turner, L.E. Moses PDF

By Heather G. Miller, etc., C.F. Turner, L.E. Moses

Expanding at the 1989 nationwide study Council quantity AIDS, Sexual habit, and Intravenous Drug Use, this publication reviews on altering styles within the distribution of instances and the result of intervention efforts less than manner. It makes a speciality of very important subpopulations which are changing into a growing number of in danger: children and girls. The committee additionally stories ideas to guard blood provides and to enhance the standard of surveys utilized in AIDS research.
AIDS: the second one Decade updates developments in AIDS situations and HIV an infection one of the gay group, intravenous drug clients, girls, minorities, and different teams; provides an summary of quite a lot of behavioral intervention recommendations directed at particular teams; discusses discrimination opposed to individuals with AIDS and HIV an infection; and offers on hand info at the percentage of children conducting the behaviors that may transmit the virus and on girl prostitutes and HIV infection.

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Promising approaches include the use of desmopressin acetate, which has been shown to reduce blood loss in patients undergoing complex cardiac surgery, and the hormone erythropoietin, which can substantially increase red blood cell production. To implement any of these strategies, programs will be needed to educate physicians and their patients and to modify relevant behaviors. About this PDF file: This new digital representation of the original work has been recomposed from XML files created from the original paper book, not from the original typesetting files.

Please use the print version of this publication as the authoritative version for attribution. SUMMARY 32 sexual behavior derived from independent replications of surveys on samples of the same population. Although some deviations could be detected statistically between the measurements made in different surveys, the discrepancies found were actually quite small. Although only two behaviors were compared (age at first occurrence of heterosexual intercourse and number of partners in past year), these examples demonstrate that surveys can produce replicable measures of sexual behavior in well-defined populations.

Rather, the evidence suggests that the risk of transmission for this population is more closely associated with drug use than with multiple sexual clients and that the threat posed to and by prostitutes through sexual contact is greater in personal relationships than in paying ones. For these reasons, intervention efforts for this group need to focus not only on risky sexual behaviors but also on drug-related transmission. AIDS prevention efforts for female prostitutes and their clients are hobbled by the current sparseness of studies related to these populations.

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