By Manuel Blanco, Lourdes Ramirez Santigosa
After a long time of study and improvement, concentrating sunlight thermal (CST) strength vegetation (also referred to as concentrating solar energy (CSP) and as sun Thermal electrical energy or STE platforms) at the moment are growing extensively commercialized. certainly, the IEA predicts that via 2050, with adequate aid over ten percentage of worldwide electrical energy might be produced by way of concentrating sunlight thermal strength vegetation. although, CSP vegetation are only yet one of many many attainable purposes of CST platforms. Advances in Concentrating sun Thermal examine and Technology presents exact info at the most recent advances in CST structures learn and expertise. It promotes a deep realizing of the demanding situations different CST applied sciences are faced with, of the learn that's happening around the globe to deal with these demanding situations, and of the impression that the innovation that this examine is fostering may have at the emergence of latest CST parts and ideas. it truly is expected that those advancements will considerably raise the cost-competiveness of industrial CST recommendations and reshape the technological panorama of either CST applied sciences and the CST undefined. After an introductory bankruptcy, the following 3 components of the e-book concentrate on key CST plant elements, from mirrors and receivers to thermal garage. the ultimate components of the e-book handle operation and keep an eye on and leading edge CST method concepts.
- Contains authoritative experiences of CST study occurring round the world
- Discusses the influence this examine is fostering at the emergence of recent CST parts and ideas that might considerably bring up the cost-competitiveness of CST power
- Covers either significant CST plant elements and system-wide issues
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Extra info for Advances in Concentrating Solar Thermal Research and Technology
Commercially available heliostat ﬁeld, central receiver solar concentrators, achieve concentration ratios within the 500 to 800 range. 1 Industry and market trends Solar thermal electricity The current state-of-the art of CST technologies for electricity production are: • • parabolic trough system using synthetic oil as the heat transfer ﬂuid, with a two-tank molten salt storage system; linear Fresnel system using water as the heat transfer ﬂuid, for direct steam generation without storage; Introduction to concentrating solar thermal (CST) technologies • 15 central receiver tower system using molten salt as the heat transfer ﬂuid, with a two-tank molten salt storage system.
5% after modiﬁcation. 3, one of the research activities that are being addressed in the European project RAISELIFE4  is to develop a secondary mirror speciﬁcally designed for CST applications, which maintains its optical and mechanical properties for operating temperatures of up to 350 C. This activity is also being developed by the research center Fraunhofer ISE, thanks to their signiﬁcant expertise on this topic. 3 4 This work is supported by the German Federal Ministry for the Environment, Nature Conservation and Reactor Safety (BMU).
The Bayer process uses a solution of sodium hydroxide at temperature of up to typically 240 C, with a pressure of about 35 bar, to dissolve the aluminum from the ore. These temperatures are readily achievable with concentrating solar collectors. In 2016 it was announced that Australian researchers are looking to develop the technologies and process knowledge to enable the progressive integration of low-temperature CST into the existing Bayer process. 3 Solar chemistry and material processing Solar chemistry covers solar-driven thermochemical processes involving reactions that convert solar energy into chemical energy by driving endothermic reactions.