By Islam, Rafiqul
This moment version of the unique quantity provides major new suggestions for revolutionizing the methods and strategies utilized in petroleum reservoir simulations. With the appearance of shale drilling, hydraulic fracturing, and underbalanced drilling has come a digital renaissance of clinical methodologies within the oil and fuel industry. New methods of pondering are being pioneered, and Dr. Islam and his group have, for years now, been on the leading edge of those very important changes.
This publication clarifies the underlying arithmetic and physics at the back of reservoir simulation and makes it effortless to have more than a few simulation effects besides their respective probability. This makes the danger research according to wisdom instead of bet work. The ebook deals by way of some distance the most powerful instrument for engineers and bosses to again up reservoir simulation predictions with actual science. The e-book provides transparency and straightforwardness to the method of reservoir simulation in means by no means witnessed prior to. eventually, No different ebook presents readers entire entry to the 3D, 3-phase reservoir simulation software program that's to be had with this text.
A must-have for any reservoir engineer or petroleum engineer operating upstream, no matter if in exploration, drilling, or creation, this article is usually a precious textbook for complicated scholars and graduate scholars in petroleum or chemical engineering departments.
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Extra resources for Advanced petroleum reservoir simulation: towards developing reservoir emulators
Taylor series expansion is used to discretize the governing PDEs. Even though this procedure has been the standard in the petroleum industry for decades, only recently Abou-Kassem (2007) pointed out that there is no need to go through this process of expressing in PDE, followed by discretization. , 2008). The PDEs derived during the formulation step, if solved analytically, would give reservoir pressure, fluid saturations, and well flow rates as continuous functions of space and time. Because of the highly nonlinear nature of a PDE, analytical techniques cannot be used and solutions must be obtained with numerical methods.
However, at the same time the computational operation increases, which eventually increases the computer round-off error. 6 Darcy’s Law Because practically all reservoir simulation studies involve the use of Darcy’s Law, it is important to understand the assumptions behind this momentum balance equation. , Klinkenberg phenomenon; There is no electro-kinetic effect. 3 Recent Advances in Reservoir Simulation The recent advances in reservoir simulation may be viewed as: Speed and accuracy; New fluid flow equations; Coupled fluid flow and geo-mechanical stress model; and Fluid flow modeling under thermal stress.
Solutions of the selected problems are also offered in order to demonstrate the need of recasting the governing equations using fluid memory. This chapter shows a significant error can be committed in terms of reserve calculation and reservoir behavior prediction if the comprehensive formulation is not used. Chapter 8 presents formulations using memory functions. Such modeling approach is the essence of emulation of reservoir phenomena. Chapter 9 uses the example of miscible displacement as an effort to model enhanced oil recovery (EOR).