By Frédéric Vandenberghe
A Philosophical background of German Sociology offers a scientific reconstruction of severe concept, from the founding fathers of sociology (Marx, Simmel, Weber) through Lukács to the Frankfurt college (Horkheimer, Adorno, Habermas). via a close research of the theories of alienation, rationalisation and reification, it investigates the metatheoretical presuppositions of a severe idea of the current that not just highlights the truth of domination, yet can be capable of spotlight the chances of emancipation.
Although no longer written as a textbook, its transparent and cogent creation to a few of the most theories of sociology make this booklet a helpful source for undergraduates and postgraduates alike. the next in-depth research of theories of alienation and reification supply crucial fabric for any critique of the dehumanizing trends of today’s worldwide world.
Recently translated into English from the unique French for the 1st time, this article showcases Vandenberghe's mastery of the German, French and English colleges of sociology research. the result's an incredible and hard textual content that's crucial analyzing for sociology scholars of all degrees.
Frédéric Vandenberghe is a Sociology professor and researcher at Iuperj (Instituto Universitário de Pesquisas do Rio de Janeiro), Rio de Janeiro, Brazil. His writings on a vast variety of sociological themes were released as books and articles around the globe.
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Additional resources for A Philosophical History of German Sociology (Routledge Studies in Critical Realism)
Labor consists essentially in the expression or externalization of human powers. ” Marx writes further, “It is just in his work upon the objective world, therefore, that man really proves himself to be a species-being. This production is his active species life. Through this production, nature appears as his work and his reality. The object of labour is, therefore, the objectification of man’s species-life; for he duplicates himself not only, as in consciousness, intellectually, but also actively, in reality, and therefore he sees himself in a world that he has created” (III, 277).
According to this originally economic thesis, which finds its philosophic counterpart in Leibniz’s monadology (Renaut, 1989: 115–151), the social order is the unintentional result of the spontaneous harmonization of the selfish actions of individuals. Individuals produce social order without knowing they are doing so, and it is only afterwards – post festum, as Marx said – that they discover that in pursuing their own interests, they also serve the general interest. Here we recognize the theses of Mandeville (private vices, public benefits) and Smith (the “invisible hand”).
As individuals express their life, so they are. What they are, therefore, coincides with what they produce and with how they produce. (V, 31–32) First and foremost, labor is a process of reciprocal formation and transformation of man and nature, as well as of man and society. Labor consists essentially in the expression or externalization of human powers. ” Marx writes further, “It is just in his work upon the objective world, therefore, that man really proves himself to be a species-being.