Political Philosophy

Download A Companion to Rawls (Blackwell Companions to Philosophy) by David A. Reidy, Jon Mandle PDF

By David A. Reidy, Jon Mandle

Jon Mandle, David A. Reidy (eds.)

Wide ranging and recent, this can be the only so much finished therapy of the main influential political thinker of the 20 th century, John Rawls.

An extraordinary survey that displays the surge of Rawls scholarship on the grounds that his loss of life, and the energetic debates that experience emerged from his work
-Features a good checklist of participants, together with senior in addition to “next generation” Rawls scholars
-Provides cautious, textually knowledgeable exegesis and well-developed serious remark throughout all components of his paintings, together with non-Rawlsian perspectives
-Includes dialogue of latest fabric, overlaying Rawls’s paintings from the newly released undergraduate thesis to the ultimate writings on public cause and the legislation of peoples
-Covers Rawls’s ethical and political philosophy, his certain methodological commitments, and his relationships to the historical past of ethical and political philosophy and to jurisprudence and the social sciences
-Includes dialogue of his huge 1971 ebook, A idea of Justice, that is frequently credited as having revitalized political philosophy


“This firstclass selection of new essays on John Rawls’s paintings heralds a renaissance of philosophical engagement with it, a brand new period that takes us past slogans and treats the complete diversity and subtlety of the paintings, regarded as a whole.“
—Henry S. Richardson, Georgetown University

“A panoramic standpoint on Rawls, from highbrow biography to textual interpretations, to his relatives to different theories, theorists, and disciplines. The essays are charitable, severe, and fresh—this assortment is state-of-the-art.”
—Leif Wenar, King’s collage London

“Rawls replaced political philosophy without end. the place can we pass from right here? development on Rawls’s inner most insights, those essays chart numerous promising paths ahead. A must-read for all political philosophers.”
—Robert B. Talisse, Vanderbilt University


Introduction 1
Jon Mandle and David A. Reidy

Part I goals 7

1 From Philosophical Theology to Democratic idea: Early Postcards from an highbrow trip 9
David A. Reidy

2 Does Justice as equity Have a non secular element? 31
Paul Weithman

Part II process 57

3 Constructivism as Rhetoric 59
Anthony Simon Laden

4 Kantian Constructivism 73
Larry Krasnoff

5 the elemental constitution of Society because the fundamental topic of Justice 88
Samuel Freeman

6 Rawls on perfect and Nonideal idea 112
Zofia Stemplowska and Adam Swift

7 the alternative from the unique place 128
Jon Mandle

Part III A thought of Justice 145

8 the concern of Liberty 147
Robert S. Taylor

9 employing Justice as equity to associations 164
Colin M. Macleod

10 Democratic Equality as a Work-in-Progress 185
Stuart White

11 balance, a feeling of Justice, and Self-Respect 200
Thomas E. Hill, Jr

12 Political Authority, Civil Disobedience, Revolution 216
Alexander Kaufman

Part IV A Political belief 233

13 The flip to a Political Liberalism 235
Gerald Gaus

14 Political Constructivism 251
Aaron James

15 at the concept of Public cause 265
Jonathan Quong

16 Overlapping Consensus 281
Rex Martin

17 Citizenship as equity: John Rawls’s belief of Civic advantage 297
Richard Dagger

18 Inequality, distinction, and customers for Democracy 312
Erin I. Kelly

Part V Extending Political Liberalism: diplomacy 325

19 The legislation of Peoples 327
Huw Lloyd Williams

20 Human Rights 346
Gillian Brock

21 international Poverty and international Inequality 361
Richard W. Miller

22 simply battle 378
Darrel Moellendorf

Part VI Conversations with different views 395

23 Rawls, Mill, and Utilitarianism 397
Jonathan Riley

24 Perfectionist Justice and Rawlsian Legitimacy 413
Steven Wall

25 The Unwritten concept of Justice: Rawlsian Liberalism as opposed to Libertarianism 430
Barbara H. Fried

26 The younger Marx and the Middle-Aged Rawls 450
Daniel Brudney

27 demanding situations of worldwide and native Misogyny 472
Claudia Card

28 serious concept and Habermas 487
Kenneth Baynes

29 Rawls and Economics 504
Daniel Little

30 studying from the background of Political Philosophy 526
S.A. Lloyd

31 Rawls and the heritage of ethical Philosophy: The instances of Smith and Kant 546
Paul Guyer

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Extra resources for A Companion to Rawls (Blackwell Companions to Philosophy)

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New York: Harper. 30 2 Does Justice as Fairness Have a Religious Aspect? PAU L W E I TH M A N In this essay, I argue that John Rawls’s work on justice has a religious aspect. This claim may occasion some surprise. Rawls’s recently published undergraduate thesis A Brief Inquiry into the Meaning of Sin and Faith is undoubtedly religious and there are interesting philosophical connections between it and A Theory of Justice. 1 Rawls developed his conception of justice in his mature work, which does not obviously include any religious elements, at least as religion is traditionally understood.

But how are these notions to be understood? When is collective action necessary or desirable? And how do we give content to the idea of the common good? Even if these questions permit of more than one reasonable answer, we need criteria for distinguishing reasonable from unreasonable answers. This brings us to the second point. To contribute to democratic theory or political philosophy generally a moral theory must answer these questions. The answers given, whether in the form of the idea of the basic social structure as the logically first collective action in which citizens must necessarily engage, or in the form of the priority of certain basic liberties as a necessary feature of any reasonable conception of the common good, need not have any deeper ground than the normative self-understandings at work in wide, general and full reflective equilibrium among democratic citizens.

If this is right, then what gives Kant’s view a religious aspect is the dominant place he gives to the moral law in conceiving of the world itself. For it is in following the moral law as it applies to us, and in striving to fashion in ourselves a firm good will, and in shaping our social world accordingly that alone qualifies us to be the final purpose of creation. Without this, our life, in the world, and the world itself lose their meaning and point. ” At first it seems strange that Kant should mention the world here.

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